Language Features for you to Consider – An Essential Guide

What are Language Features?


Language Features


If you have enrolled in a literature course, certainly you need to master language features. But before we dig deep into the subject, let’s first learn about the definition and basics of language features.

Generally, language is one of the most efficient communication techniques and serves as an important component of our lives. Every language has its attributes, hence it’s important to have proper knowledge about it. Mostly, writers and poets make use of literary devices and language features, while creating literature work. If you have core knowledge about the language features, perhaps you will understand the writer’s approach through language analysis. Normally, language features help us to depict our ideas in various forms, both formal and poetic, but not restricted. Furthermore, you may even develop different types of reports, documents, letters, academic papers through this technique, both informally and formally.

What are Different Language Features?

Now, that we know what are language features, let’s explore the different types of language features in subsequent paragraphs.

Language Techniques

Specifically, language techniques imply words and phrases in content and thereby highlight its theme. Moreover, you may use language techniques in any part of your content and help the audience apprehend your work more effectively. Furthermore, if you understand language techniques well, possibly you will play smart with your content.

Meanwhile, in the English language, you may identify different language techniques and demonstrate your content in various styles and formats.

1.      Noun

To illustrate, a noun is a word that identifies a name, place, animal, or thing and is categorized into different parts.

  • Generally, a common noun recognizes a person or a thing. For example, man, woman, girl, and boy.
  • Besides, a proper noun defines a particular noun, for example, Sunday, Lisa, and India.
  • Moreover, an abstract noun identifies the attributes, conditions, and ideas that don’t exist physically. Also, you may not touch or see them. For example, happiness and friendship.
  • Finally, a collective noun identifies a group of people or things, for example, players, mob, jury, and audience.

2.      Pronoun

Simply, the pronoun is a word that replaces a noun or a noun phrase and helps to connect with the audience. For example, I, me, you, he, that, few, everybody, someone, whose and whoever. “I prefer it” seems a good example when want to connect to the audience.

3.      Verb

Subsequently, a verb is a word that identifies an action, possibly, you may imply it in different tenses. Also, ensure to use a verb, based on the action you may perform.

Example: He walked to the theatre. Thus, walked is a verb in this sentence.

Simultaneously, the imperative is another form of the verb that provides commands, orders, and instructions. Moreover, an imperative verb is not necessarily negative, but it also includes positive orders.

4.      Adjective

While an adjective is a word that describes the attributes of a noun. For example, she is happy, where happy is the adjective.

Different Types of Adjectives

Comparative adjective

As the name suggests, it is used to compare two different things or people.

Examples: Taller and more costly. Robert is taller than Jack.


Superlative adjective

Similarly, a superlative adjective compares two things or people, however, it recognizes what is most superior. For example, fastest, loudest, and least valuable. Jack is the smartest member of our group.

Predicate Adjective

Subsequently, a predicate adjective is used in the predicate of the sentence in the form of a subject complement. Moreover, it follows the connecting verbs in sentences and clauses. Example: The chocolate is delicious.

Compound adjective

Meanwhile, a compound adjective is made of multiple words and is linked by a hyphen. For example, happy-go-lucky and cross-eyed. She is tired of his never-ending sorrows.

Possessive objective

Simultaneously, a possessive objective represents a possession or ownership. For example, her, his, their, your, our, and whose. My favorite drink is Coke.


Demonstrative adjective

Simply, a demonstrative adjective defines comparative positions in space and time for example, this, that, and those. This dress is costlier than that one.

Proper Adjective

As the name suggests, a proper adjective is made of proper nouns that describe a particular place or person. For instance, I was reading a German book. Other proper adjectives include Shakespearian and Indian.

Participial Adjective

Generally, a participial adjective depends upon participles, like the words that either ends with “ed” or “ing”.

For example, I am impressed by your dancing skills. Other examples, include being bored and reading.

Limiting Adjective

Mostly, a limiting adjective restricts a noun, instead of describing its attributes. For example, these, your and some. I purchased some dresses at the shop.

Descriptive Adjective

According to its name, a descriptive adjective may describe the traits, qualities, and characteristics of a noun or pronoun. For example, he is a friendly boy.

Interrogative Adjective

As the name suggests, an interrogative adjective is used to ask questions, for example, what, whose, and which. Which is your favorite book?

Distributive Adjective

Lastly, a distributive adjective is used to identify members of a team personally. For example, neither, either, every. Each student in the class scored well.

5.      Adverb

Simply, an adverb is another language feature that modifies the meaning of a verb, adjective, or adverb. Let’s explore how.


Verb She dances gracefully.
Adjective He is amazing.
Adverb She strolls cautiously.

Now let’s explore few more adverbs that seem important for you to understand the language technique.

  • Abruptly
  • Financially
  • Willfully
  • Delightfully
  • Quickly
  • Lightly
  • Firmly
  • Eternally
  • Truthfully
  • Sorrowfully
  • Delicately
  • Beautifully
  • Wearily

Below, you may find a list of few more words that showcases how a thing was executed:

  • Weirdly
  • Brutally
  • Really
  • Randomly
  • Wickedly
  • Sloppily
  • Briskly
  • Uneasily
  • Expertly
  • Cheerfully

Below, you will identify more words that might reveal where the move has established a place.

  • Upstairs
  • Downstairs
  • Everywhere
  • Out
  • Inside
  • In
  • Somewhere
  • Here
  • There
  • Underground

Now let’s explore few more adverbs that might tell us when a move has established a place.

  • First
  • Last
  • Early
  • Today
  • Tomorrow
  • Yesterday
  • Often
  • Never
  • Regularly
  • Monthly
  • Always
  • Usually

Again, you may find below the last set of adverbs that might define the degree of specific activities taking place.

  • Too
  • Almost
  • Very
  • Also
  • Enough
  • So
  • Quiet
  • Rather
  • Almost

What are Structural Techniques?

If you have reached here, perhaps you have some difficulties in understanding structural techniques. Generally, in any language, structural highlights play a vital role in explaining the structure of a language. Moreover, a language might lose its importance, if it is not formatted correctly. Also, a simple sentence might appear vague it doesn’t have a formal structure. In a nutshell, a structural technique defines the order of ideas in a specific text.

For example, if you need to write a story, possibly you will structure your ideas and add meaning to them. Also, when you write simple sentences or novels, structural techniques seem important to add relevance to the respective languages.

Also, Read – An Understanding of the Language Features and Structural Features

Let’s explore few popular structural techniques and their role in adding value to a language:

1.      Simple Sentence

Usually, a simple sentence comprises a single clause, subject as well as a verb. Moreover, a simple sentence is concise as well as short and it is a famous technique that easily drives the reader’s interest.

Example: The bus was late.

2.      Compound Sentence

Mostly, a compound sentence comprises two independent clauses that are combined using a conjunction. Also, it is the most significant language structure that integrates two different ideas.

Example: I like coffee and my brother likes tea.

3.      Complex Sentence

Meanwhile, a complex consists of one or even multiple subordinate clauses.

Example: He returned her laptop after he noticed it was broken.


4.      Repetition

As the name suggests, repetition implies using a phrase or a word multiple times.

Example: Hand in Hand.

5.      Punctuation

Generally, punctuation is used to explain the meanings of various texts. Mostly, it clarifies the significance of the text by separating phrases, words, linking, or clauses. For instance, question mark, period, colon, semi-colon, exclamatory, and brackets.

Example: “Yes, Sir, I went for a walk.”

6.      Juxtaposition

Mostly, in a juxtaposition, a minimum of two ideas, places, characters, and their functions are positioned next to each other. Also, a juxtaposition exists in a sonnet or a narrative for developing complexities and examinations. Moreover, the authors make use of an artistic process to surprise their readers and influence their benefits. Generally, the writers establish a correlation between two disparate things by positioning them next to each other. Furthermore, when you examine, it might add significant quality to a particular image and regulate the pacing of a sonnet. In short, it creates a logical connection between two different unclear ideas.

Example: Beggars can’t be choosers.

So, if you notice in the above sentence both beg and choose are contrasting activities. Furthermore, the sentence implies that a person may not act disparate as well as choose at the same time.

7.      Anaphora

If you notice the iteration of a word at the starting of consecutive clauses, certainly it’s called an anaphora. Mostly, an author might apply an anaphora while he is writing or even in discourse. Moreover, in an anaphora, the authors purposefully rehash the basic segment to create an artistic impact.

Example: If my son moves to London, I will be more there too.

8.      Listing

Simply, the listing is the technique of writing several linked items one after the other to specify their quality. For instance, a listing seems appropriate in the case of writing an essay and a research paper. In brief, a listing is mostly used when the author wants to make a point familiar to the audience.

9.      Chronology

The arrangement of events in the order of time is known as chronology. Moreover, in literature, the authors apply chronology to tell the events happening in a specific story. Meanwhile, it seems simple for the readers to apprehend the events if it’s written in the chronological order. For example, an event may adopt different arrangements, like reverse, linear and non-linear approaches.

10.  Links

Lastly, the link is a structural technique, which connects the beginning and the end of a text during a narration. Mostly, in the case of a natural narration, links play a vital role.

What is Emotive Language?

Simply, it’s a language that is recommended to create an avid reaction, among the readers of stories or poems. Perhaps, if a sentence is presented normally, it will not create any impact on the audience. However, if emotive language is added to the same sentence, possibly it will create a different reaction among the audience.


  1. “Put the books inside the locker.”

Perhaps, this sentence has adopted a commanding style.

  1. “You should put the books inside the locker because it will be safe”.

This sentence makes a suggestion as well as creates an emotional response for the audience.

Thus, when emotive language is used effectively, it might create an important impact on the audience. However, don’t overuse emotive language in sentences, instead, use it when you genuinely need it.

What are Literary Devices?

Mostly, a literary device is used by poets as well as literature writers to communicate their ideas or messages. Possibly, if have knowledge about literary devices, you will interpret what an author is trying to communicate.

What are Literary Techniques?

Generally, a literary technique is a figurative language that is applied by the writers for narration. Let’s explore below some important literary techniques.

  1. Allusion- Mostly, it indirectly gives reference to an individual, place, or a thing. Moreover, it depicts thoughts of political significance or that which is social, historical, or abstract. However, an allusion doesn’t comprehensively depict a person, place, or thing, instead, it only remarks. Furthermore, a writer might anticipate that the audience needs sufficient details to identify an allusion. Additionally, the readers also need to manage the significance of the book.
  2. Allegory- Generally, an allegory is an interesting expression through which a writer may advance their political and good perspectives. In a nutshell, the key goal of an allegory is to teach an ethical exercise.
  3. Assonance- Usually, the iteration of vowel sounds that develops an internal rhyming in between phrases and sentences is called assonance. Meanwhile, the writers use assonance to add literary value to their work and drive the reader’s interest.
  4. The imagery the writers make use of a vibrant language to communicate to objects, thoughts, and activities. Also, it generates a lively and graphical introduction of an image that drives the interest of a prudent audience.
  5. Simile- Perhaps, it compares two different objects through words like as or like. Generally, a simile is used by the poets, when they want to make their descriptions more clear.
  6. Metaphor- Basically, it’s a word or a phrase that unrealistically explains something.
  7. Hyperbole- Simply, hyperbole is an exaggerated statement that is not taken literally by the readers. Frequently, it is used to create an emphasis on the minds of the readers.
  8. Personification- In a nutshell, personification compares a non-living thing to a person.
  9. Irony- Generally, it is a statement that depicts an opposite meaning rather than a literal meaning.
  10. Onomatopoeia-
  11. Oxymoron- Mostly, the oxymoron joints at least two contrasting terms.
  12. Symbolism- Simultaneously, symbolism makes use of images to indicate thoughts and perspectives.
  13. Zoomorphism a zoomorphism involves assigning an occasion, individual, or divinity with carnal attributes.

What are Literary Elements?

Generally, a literary piece makes use of the following literary elements:

  • Theme- Key concept or perspective of the story.
  • Plot- The sequential order of events that develops into a story.
  • Conflict- The issue in the story. Perhaps the story revolves around an issue.
  • Protagonist- The main character in the story.

Action Needed

If you have reached here, perhaps you now understand the different types of languages and when to use them. However, if you still have doubts, make it a point to talk to our assignment experts who might give you the best guidance. Also, you may seek the help of your professor, who might help you to make appropriate use of language features. Meanwhile, if you read this blog several times, possibly you will have a rough idea about it in your mind.