Answer:- The practice of giving homework was started during ancient Greek and Roman times. As per internet records, Roberto Nevelis of Venice, Italy is considered to be the inventor of homework. As there is no credible information available, Nevil seems to be an internet myth more than historical patronage.
A word that students hate the most is ‘Homework’. In academic life, homework is a part of the daily routine. But it is evident that only very few students do my homework with a lot of enthusiasm and the remaining set of students who have hatred towards homework get exhausted and feel stressed whenever they are asked to complete an assignment. We can’t blame students for the hate they have for homework.
In general, the teachers regularly assign tasks for the well-being of the students, but the students are completely against it for various reasons. In the education world, “Should homework be banned?” is one of the popular debate topics discussed among students, teachers, and parents. Everyone has different perspectives regarding homework. Instead of discussing whether homework is helpful or harmful, in this article, we will rewind and get to know about the history of homework and why it came into existence.
Whenever the students find it difficult to complete their assignment, the one question that arises in their minds out of hatred would be “Who invented homework?” We may not be exactly aware of the original names of those who created homework, but it is expected that the practice of giving homework would have been born at the time of ancient Greek and Roman empires. As per the online resources, it is stated that Roberto Nevelis of Venice, Italy had created homework. Since there is no credible information available about Nevelis, he seems to be an internet myth more than historical patronage.
Another influencer who played an important role in the invention of homework is Horace Mann, an American educational reformer who is well-known for his dedication to promoting public education. Horace was initially impressed with the mandatory assignments given to the people attending the Volksschulen as a part of the public education system of Germany, and then he later implemented that idea in the US in the 19th century.
Till now, we have seen who created homework and how the homework has developed gradually in the late centuries. Next, let us have a look at why homework was invented. In the initial days, the homework was not created to burden the students. It was mainly invented to satisfy the following objectives.
Usually, when the students leave their school for the day, they will quickly forget what their teachers have taught in their school and then attend their classes the very next day with a clear head. So, in order to reinforce learning, homework was invented. If the students learn what is taught in their class daily, then it would be easy for them to recall the content in the next class.
It is really tough for the teachers to complete their schedules within a time frame. Some topics generally take more time to complete, and in such cases, the inability to give extra time may lead to partial learning. Another main objective of homework was to encourage the students to refresh their lessons and achieve conceptual clarity when there is no time to bind them.
In order to get better scores or grades, one must have proper knowledge about the subjects. The homework encourages the students to practice the lessons and improve their learning. Also, it enables them to apply their learning in real life. For better learning and understanding of the students, the practical applications of a theory should be given as homework.
From the 19th century till now, some people support doing assignments while some people oppose giving homework to students. In the United States of America, the majority of the people are less favorable in accepting homework as a valuable educational practice, and hence the ban was incurred multiple times.
Here is a brief history of homework in the American Public School System
The 1900s: Rise of Anti-Homework Sentiment and Homework Ban
1930: American Child Health Association declared homework as Child Labor
The 1950s: At the time of the Cold War, in order to compete with Russia, the US authorities gave rigorous homework to the American students
Late 19th century & early 20th Century: Progressive Era of Homework
Early 21st century: Return of Homework Ban
Even today, homework is controversial in America, but still, some schools assign homework to students. Regarding the homework ban, the teachers have different perspectives, and the parents find it difficult to cope with their home routine because of the disturbances caused by their children.
Truly, the homework was invented with good intentions, but there were some flaws in the implementation. Actually, it was created to establish a connection to the next-day class and to help the students practice the subjects, but the teachers assign homework on irrelevant topics. So, the students find it difficult to complete the assignments that were given on topics that were not taught in class.
Also, another major reason is that the teachers burden the students with more work that they can’t handle. In such situations, the students felt difficult to complete the tasks on time and were forced to feel mental pressure which thus results in stress and anxiety.
The teachers and educators generally give homework only for the academic growth of the students. Apart from that, the majority of the teachers support the homework because of the following reasons.
Giving an assignment is an easy task, but the real difficulty lies at the side of the students. It is common that students expect to play during their free time. But when they are asked to complete an assignment, they find it a burden. Here are some other reasons why students criticize homework.
Keep the opinions of teachers, parents, and students aside and look at the benefits the homework offers.
Homework has its own pros and cons. Your love or hate for homework doesn’t matter. Whenever your teacher assigns you a task, you need to compulsorily complete the homework on time. In order to get good grades, keep the benefits of homework in mind and put some effort to complete it in a perfect way. If you still find it tedious to do homework, then you can seek assignment help online from the best homework help services and get it done with the help of top-notch experts or homework helpers.